AskDefine | Define doge

Dictionary Definition

doge n : formerly the chief magistrate in the republics of Venice and Genoa

User Contributed Dictionary




  1. The chief magistrate in the republics of Venice and Genoa.

Extensive Definition

Doge (plural dogi or doges) is a dialectal Italian word that descends from the Latin dux (as does the English duke and the standard Italian duce), meaning "leader", especially in a military context.
The title of Doge was used for the elected chief of state in a number of Italian "crowned republics". The two best known such republics were Venice and Genoa, which rivaled each other, and the other regional great powers, by building their historical city-states into maritime, commercial, and territorial mini-empires.
Another Italian republic styled most serene republic, was minute and virtually insignificant. It was named after its capital city Senarica, west of Teramo (in Abruzzo) on Central Italy's Adriatic coast. Senarica also elected dogi, possibly annually, from 1343 until its annexation to the Neapolitan kingdom of Sicily in 1797.
In some of his writings, Herzl proposed the title of "Doge" for the Head of the Jewish State he envisioned; however, the actual State of Israel did not follow this idea by the founder of Zionism.
doge in Bosnian: Dužd
doge in Bulgarian: Дож
doge in Czech: Dóže
doge in German: Doge
doge in Estonian: Doodž
doge in Modern Greek (1453-): Δόγης
doge in Esperanto: Doĝo
doge in French: Doge
doge in Croatian: Dužd
doge in Hebrew: דוג'ה
doge in Latvian: Dodžs
doge in Lithuanian: Dožas
doge in Hungarian: Dózse
doge in Dutch: Doge
doge in Japanese: ドージェ
doge in Norwegian: Doge
doge in Norwegian Nynorsk: Doge
doge in Polish: Doża
doge in Portuguese: Doge
doge in Russian: Дож
doge in Simple English: Doge
doge in Finnish: Doge
doge in Swedish: Doge
doge in Ukrainian: Дож
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